Ducks: Barberia Muscovy duck, Cairina moschata

Ducks: Barberia Muscovy duck, Cairina moschata

Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Lanatra Muta di Barberia (or Muschiata) derived from the Chairina moschata, a species native to South America and already arrived in Europe in its domestic form. It specializes in the production of excellent quality meat (although it does not have a great reputation for the smell of musk that emanates from the European gland; this smell is however perceptible only in subjects over one year old; the beheading of animals immediately after death eliminates the characteristic smell) and the liver that is suitable for producing Foie gras. He has twilight habits. Excellent flyer. Ducklings have a rapid growth and are slaughtered at 75-90 days when the males have reached a weight of 2.5-3.0 kg. It is also bred for ornamental purposes.

Morphological characteristics

There are many characters that differentiate it from the common domestic duck (derived from Mallard duck Anas platyrhynchos):
- naked and carunculous cheeks, red; very robust legs grifagne;
- male helmsman not curled;
- incubation lasts 5 weeks instead of 4;
- does not feel the need for water and has an aptitude for flying;
- soundproof;
- very valuable and less fatty meat;
- coupled to the common duck from infertile hybrids (Mulards).
The annual depositions are four alternating from hatching (about 100 eggs per year, with a greenish yellow shell and an average weight of 70-90 grams).
There are some varieties, including white and black, white, bronze and slate blue.

Medium weight:
- Male: Kg. 3,0 - 4,5
- Female: Kg. 2,0 - 3,5

Mating of Muscovy Duck or Barberia domestica (photo Lanare)

Barbera Muscovy Duck Standard - FIAV

I - GENERALITIES
Origin: South America. Barberia region, where it is still in the wild today.
Egg
Minimum weight g. 70
Shell color: yellowish white.
Ring
MALE: 22
FEMALE: 18

II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Duck with horizontal bearing, elongated boat-shaped trunk, absence of keel, long tail, free of curls and face characterized by highly developed caruncles. It is the largest domestic duck and the male is much bulkier and heavier than the female. The ability to fly is still very developed and in both sexes the voice is almost completely absent. The female is an excellent brooding machine. Maintain the typical shape.

III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed
1- FORM
Trunk: Very elongated, wide but shallow, without keel.
Head: Very large, with rounded skull and flat, broad forehead. Extensible and erectile head feathers.
Beak: Medium long, slightly concave, it becomes thinner towards the tip, nail curved like a hook. Protuberance very developed in the male.
Eyes: Located in the center of the head, large enough, with blackish red ocular caruncle.
Face: Cheeks not fluffy, from red to black, carunculous but without excess, with the skin that conglobo the eye; the throat is feathered.
Caruncles: Thin, flat, red black, more developed in the male than in the female, especially in adult subjects; are unwanted on the nape.
Neck: Medium long, very strong, S-shaped, slightly worn back.
Shoulders: Very wide, rounded.
Back: Very long, wide, slightly rounded and rounded, it narrows towards the tail, carried horizontally.
Wings: Very long, large, wide, close-fitting and high flow rates.
Tail: Long, wide, tile-shaped, rounded at the end.
Chest: Very wide, full, round, without keel, carried on average high but without excess.
Legs: Medium long legs, very strong, hidden in the plumage; tarsi of medium length, solid fingers, powerful and curved nails.
Musculature: Well developed with abundant meat.
Pigmentation: Accentuated.
Skin: Elastic and white.
Belly: Wide and flat.
2 - WEIGHTS
MALE: Kg. 3,0 - 4,5
FEMALE: Kg. 2,0 - 3,5
Serious defects:
Absence of caruncles or excessive development.
Male: weight less than kg. 2.5
Female: weight less than kg. 1.5
3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: Medium-long, close-fitting, fairly rigid structure, short and dense down, with plumage of the mane erected in a state of excitement, very large secondary remiges, primary remiges and long and hard helmsman, absence of curls on the tail of the male.

IV - COLORS

WILD
MALE AND FEMALE
Basic color black with metallic green reflections. This color is accentuated on the back and becomes steel blue on the remiges. The chest, belly, thighs and legs are of an opaque black color with purple-brown reflections; the large wing coverts are almost completely white. Traces of white on the head and neck are tolerated, but only in adults. Black gray down jacket.

WILD BLUE
MALE AND FEMALE
It is identical to the wild coloring. Black is replaced by uniform gray blue.

WHITE
MALE AND FEMALE
The color, design and down jacket are pure white.

PEARL GREY
MALE AND FEMALE
The plumage is entirely bright blue, gray blue duvet.

WHITE PIECE BLUE
MALE AND FEMALE
Pure white background color. Well delimited blue fields are required on the head, shoulders, hips and tail. In the head the cap, black blue, begins at the root of the beak and continues, above the bare face, until the end of the neck, not too far down on the neck. A white strip between the face and the cap is not to be considered a defect. The design on the back, in the shape of a heart, and on the over tail shape of the color areas without white spots. The design of the hips begins above or behind the legs and goes with a variable width up to the design of the back. Undertail preferably pure white. Red face, white spots allowed that can expand with age. Eyes, beak and tarsi orient themselves as required in the wild blue color.

WHITE PIECE BLACK
MALE AND FEMALE
Pure white background color. Fields of well-defined black color are required on the head, shoulders, hips and tail. In the head the black cap begins at the root of the beak and continues above the bare face to the end of the neck, not too far down the neck. Eyes, beak and tarsi orient themselves as required in the wild coloring.

WILD BROWN
MALE AND FEMALE
Intense brown background color, as uniform as possible, with shiny copper reflections. The large wing coverts are, for the most part, white and increase with the age of the subject, in young subjects, however, only a few white feathers are visible. A little white in the head and upper part of the neck is allowed in adult animals. Face: preferably red; black parts, which can increase with age, allowed. Eyes: light brown. Beak: from flesh-colored to red; black nail. Tarsi and fingers: dark brown with lighter spots.


Video: Wild ducks, Muscovy Duck, Cairina moschata, Birds of flooded regions, Pantanal,