Ducks: Dark Rouen Duck

Ducks: Dark Rouen Duck

Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

The light type is the original of French origin, the dark variety is due to the English and German selection and is a breed now distinct from the progenitor.
There Rouen Chiara it is a heavy breed originating in France (Normandy); there Rouen dark, worse depositor of Chiara (and less precocious), it is quite widespread in England and Germany.
In the past, the Rouen Chiara was highly bred as a meat breed, despite the bad attitude towards deposition. It seems to have been obtained from the crossing with wild duck and subsequent selection. Early breed with fine skeleton and good muscle masses, which meat of excellent quality.
Particularly appreciated in France as the Bresse breed between chickens and Toulouse among geese. It lays pale green eggs.

Morphological characteristics

Very large duck with a calm temperament; rectangular in shape in meat breeds. Horizontal habit. Presence of large keel.
Two colors are foreseen in the Italian Standard: Selvatica and Selvatica Blu.

Medium weight:
- Male: 3.5 - 4.0 kg
- Female: 3.0 - 3.5 kg


Dark Rouen Ducks

Breed standard - FIAV

I - General

Origin
Selected for economic purposes starting from country ducks, near Rouen (France). Perfected for size and color in England.

Egg
Minimum weight g. 80
Shell color: whitish to bluish-green.

Ring
Male and female: 18

II - Type and Address for Selection
Very large duck with a calm temperament; rectangular in shape in meat breeds. Presence of large keel.

III - Standard
General Appearance and Characteristics of the Breed

1 - Form
Trunk: long, wide and deep; shorter in the female than in the male.
Head: elongated and round; slightly accentuated forehead; inconspicuous cheeks.
Beak: long in the male; wide with slightly concave top; olive green with black claw-shaped hook. In the female of medium length, a little shorter than that of the male; brownish-yellow; at the center a light blackish design that also extends to the tip; black nail.
Eyes: dark iris.
Neck: of medium length in the male; slightly arched. A little shorter in the female.
Back: long, slightly rounded.
Wings: long and spans well tightened to the body. Not too tight, they should cover the back as much as possible.
Tail: horizontal and closed.
Chest: prominent, full and deep; keel formation very straight.
Legs: strong; hidden by abundant plumage. Very strong tarsi; medium length; orange red in the male, pale red in the female; dark nails.
Belly: deep; a fold (keel) of leather extends from the chest to the rear train. Bottom line of the straight keel, must not touch the ground.

Serious defects:
Lack of size and length; absence of the keel.

2 - Weight
Male: kg. 3.5-4.0
Female: kg. 3.0-3.5

3 - Plumage
Conformation: well developed; smooth.

IV - Colors

WILD
MALE
Bright blue-green head and neck; in the lower third, precise and narrow collar, open on the back. Chest brown-red or chocolate brown that overflows as little as possible in the silver pearl gray color of the hips and legs which ends under the tail. Dark back that progressively changes to black. Black curls with green reflections. Small coverts of silver-gray wings that change to brownish. Blue-green mirror in the center of the wing, delimited at the front and rear by a black band, plus a fine white band.
FEMALE
Medium intensity brown head; slight lightening of the allowed eyebrow. Neck a little lighter. Golden brown brown back, chest, hips and abdominal region supported with a clear and precise, black-brown, horseshoe-shaped design that starts on the chest to be even more precise on the back and on the hips to then become weak in the rear train. The pattern is formed as follows: brown background color (light brown admitted in the central part) with double black brown horseshoe-shaped hemming, outside intense golden brown hemming in the shape of a horseshoe. Mirror like that of the male with black and white borders.
Serious defects:
Male: lead-colored beak, stained chest; a lot of soot or rust on the small coverts of the wings and on the belly and hips; very white in the plumage under black caudal.
FEMALE: black background color; heavily washed-out design; absence of all the white borders of the wing mirror; white or very clear throat.

WILD BLUE
Like the Selvatica variety, but blue replaces brown-black. A less precise horseshoe design is allowed in the female.
Serious defects:
Male: lead-colored beak, stained chest; a lot of soot or rust on the small coverts of the wings and on the belly and hips; very white in the plumage under black caudal.
FEMALE: black background color; heavily washed-out design; absence of all the white borders of the wing mirror; white or very clear throat


Video: Rouen Ducks. Super-Sized Mallards