Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.
ALaskan Malamute is part of the "Great North Dogs". In addition to the Alaskan, this group includes: the "Siberian Husky", the "Greenlander", the "Esquimese", the "Iceland dog", and some other known breeds. These breeds are all more or less somatically related to each other. In the northern region of the planet, which includes Siberia, Lapland, Greenland, Alaska, etc., a series of breeds selected for towing sleds live. These breeds have been made known through various novels and cinema. One of these breeds is the Alaskan Malamute. The origin and origin of this breed remains only a supposition, because there is no concrete evidence of where this type of dog developed. Almost all sled breeds belong to the United States. In 1926 the Kennel Club divided the Northern Dogs into 4 distinct groups, one of these groups being the Alaskan Malamutes group. It takes its name from the "Mahlemutes" tribe, which had settled in the northwestern region of Alaska. The dogs they had were highly respected and adored by all tribes. When these areas were occupied by Europeans, these dogs were immediately used for towing sleds, for transport and especially for deliveries of mail. They immediately proved to be perfect "living engines" and since then they have never changed their role in helping man. This breed still holds most of the speed and power records for towing. In 1935 the breed was officially recognized internationally.
Medium-large dog, mesomorphic mesocephalic. It is morphologically classified as a lipoid. He is a powerful and very well built dog. It has a robust trunk, a solid and strong body. The body is provided with a dense and thick fur, of sufficient length to protect it. It is a very showy breed, which always stands out for its majestic bearing and its splendid coat. At first glance it expresses power.
It is an affectionate race, affectionate and very faithful to everyone. His temperament is impeccable.
He is an ideal companion, very devoted and loyal. He always plays willingly and does not miss the opportunity to show his great dignity. Very intelligent and fairly trainable. It is a very resistant and rustic breed. It has no climate problems and does not require very cold temperatures, as many inexperienced people believe.
It is a breed that requires minimal grooming of the hair. Its expression manifests intelligence. Always find a way to make yourself understood by the owner.
Perfect breed for pulling the sled.
Alaskan Malamute (photo www.alaskanmalamute.it)
Alaskan Malamute (photo website)
Alaskan Malamute (photo www.alaskanmalamute.it)
- males about 63.5 cm
- females about 58.4 cm
- males around 38.4 kg
- females around 33.9 kg
Trunk: the chest must be deep and vigorous and the trunk has a robust structure but must not be too short. The back straight and gently descending from the shoulders to the thighs. The well-muscled loins are not too short so as not to affect the light and powerful movement of the rear train. The long loin that weakens the back is a defect. There must be no excess fur.
Head and muzzle: it is wide and powerful, but it must be proportionate to the rest of the body so as not to make the dog appear squat. The skull is wide between the ears and gradually narrows towards the eyes. It is also rounded towards the cheeks, which must be quite flat. There should be a slight frontal sulcus between the eyes. The upper part of the skull and the upper part of the muzzle are almost in a straight line between them. The muzzle is broad, massive and well proportioned with respect to the skull and the whole head.
Truffle: always black in color.
Teeth: regularly aligned, complete in number and highly developed. Big teeth and scissor bite.
Neck: must be strong and moderately arched.
Ears: medium size, proportionate to the skull.
Eyes: brown, almond-shaped, wide enough. Dark eyes are preferable.
Skin: quite close to the body in all its parts.
Limbs: the forelegs are strong and well muscled, up to the metacarpals, which must be short, strong and seen from the side almost vertical. The hindquarters must have broad, strong and exceptionally muscular thighs. The leg is moderately angled. The hock is wide and thick, slightly folded. The limbs of this breed must indicate unusual strength and enormous propulsion power.
Shoulder: slightly sloping.
Musculature: developed and evident throughout the body.
Upper line: straight, robust and solid.
Tail: located in the right position, inserted on the spine line, it must be covered with thick hair. When the dog is not working the tail must be carried over the back. It should not be tightly rolled up.
Hair: very abundant and thick, neither long nor sweet. The undercoat must be thick enough to completely hide the skin.
Allowed colors: from light gray to black, in all its shades. The lower part of the body, the limbs, the legs and the mask of the muzzle always have white. Uniform white is allowed.
Most common defects: enognatism, cryptorchidism, monorchidism, colors other than those indicated by the standard, straight shoulder, ambit, non-standard sizes, lack of premolars, twisted tail, drooping ears, prognathism, shy character, short hair, tightly coiled tail, ears inserted too high.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it