The vegetable garden in February

The vegetable garden in February

Vegetable garden in February

In February, the gardener must gradually resume his work outdoors. In warm climates, crops are already in full development, while in the more northern or inland areas it is the ideal time to start many. Of course, not all days are yet suitable for active work, but it is good to take advantage of the best ones to carry on, always keeping a look at the weather. Modern forecasts are quite accurate and allow us to protect our plots in time in case of frost or heavy snowfall.


Work to do

We can resume digging and shredding the clods on our plots. It is a job to be done in the afternoon of the sunniest days, letting at least 3 days pass from the last heavy rain: it must be done on very dry soils to avoid compaction (especially for those with a strong clay component). At the same time, let's not forget to incorporate a specific granular fertilizer for gardens: it will have all the time to become available for our plants.

If we have greenhouses, remember to air them in the hottest hours and close them in the evening.

In the North it's time to prepare asparagus: it requires a well-drained and deep soil. To obtain good results it is recommended to dig at least 80 cm and to prepare a thick base of expanded clay. We will then fill the upper layers with the collected material mixed with sand, peat and a large quantity of mature manure.


Sowing

Especially in the North it is recommended to continue sowing indoors for at least the first two weeks of the month: a large number of germinations now take place in a heated and bright environment. We point out basil, lettuce, eggplant, pepper, tomato, cauliflower, broccoli. Watermelon, melon, cucumber and courgette are a little more demanding: let's wait for the middle of the month and then keep them for transplanting in March in the greenhouse.

From 15 onwards it is possible, in plots well exposed to the open air, to sow beets, chard, carrots, peas, spinach, parsley, radish and rocket. To speed up germination and protect from the cold at night, we cover the areas with one or more layers of non-woven fabric and always keep it slightly damp.

At the same time, let's stock up on potato seed tubers and put them to pre-sprout in sand boxes at about 15 ° C.


Planting

A large number of vegetables can be planted. In warm climate regions we proceed with artichokes, early potatoes, leeks and asparagus. Almost everywhere, garlic (especially the pink one), shallots and onions should also develop well. Let us remember that these vegetables require a very finely worked soil with excellent drainage: eventually incorporate some seasoned soil improver and sand. We also avoid inserting them in the same plot of previous years: we would favor a large number of pathogens. For an optimal result we insert healthy and tunic bulbils about 5 cm deep, spaced on the row by about 15 cm. In the harshest climates the risk of freezing is still high: we protect with a temporary tunnel or with special fabric, especially during the night.


The vegetable garden in February: Harvest

We are at the end of winter and the harvest is a little more abundant and varied. Of course, cabbage, broccoli and savoy cabbage are still predominant; to these are added the various radicchio, escarole, endive and leek, planted in autumn and bleached in January. Many roots are also starting to be available, such as chicory (called “bitter roots”), parsnips, carrots and Jerusalem artichokes. In greenhouses (and in warmer regions), on the other hand, spinach, radishes, rocket, artichokes, spring onions, parsley, agretti, asparagus and valerianella can be ready.

It is also time to carefully check the storage rooms: we eliminate the vegetables from the previous year that have gone bad and consume those that remain. This is the best way to make room for the spring harvest.


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