Dog breeds: Transylvanian hound - Erdelyi Kopo

Dog breeds: Transylvanian hound - Erdelyi Kopo

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Hungary.
F.C.I classification: Group 6 - hounds and dogs by blood trail.

Unfortunately, all we know about the Transylvanian Hound (medium-sized Hungarian Hound - Erdélyi Kopò) is that it derives from crossbreeds between Magyar, Hungarian and Polish dogs. It is used in fox and hare hunting; the larger variety is used in hunting large game such as wild boar, deer, fallow deer and lynx.

General aspect

Medium sized hound. Its standard also distinguishes a slightly larger variety. Its construction is very solid and very well proportioned. It has exceptionally developed and sculpted musculature. It is a very energetic and powerful breed. The bones of the limbs are of correct proportions with respect to the body. It is well covered with a short, well-fitting coat. The color of the coat is mainly black.


It is an excellent and very resistant hunting hound, which has the particularity of indicating the prey with a high-pitched whine, typical breed voice. It is a very daring and tenacious breed. He always proves to be very brave when he does his job in the hunting environment. He is also very lovable. This dog has an excellent sense of smell, but all the other senses are also highly developed. Undemanding and easy enough to train. He is very affectionate with his master, and is ready to defend him without hesitation.

Transylvanian Hound - Erdèlyi Kopò (photo

Transylvanian Hound - Erdèlyi Kopò (photo


- minor variety: from 45 to 50 cm at the withers
- greater variety: from 55 to 65 cm at the withers.

Trunk: well proportioned, straight back, well-descended and capacious chest, well-circled ribs.
Head and muzzle: with a rather broad skull between the ears and a sufficiently full muzzle. the jaws are extremely strong and powerful.
Truffle: always black in color and quite broad. Nostrils well open.
Teeth: very strong teeth, complete in development and number.
Neck: robust, slightly arched. Strong and with good gluing.
Ears: attached at medium height, they fall without folds, widen in the middle to shrink towards their rounded end.
Eyes: they are dark brown, medium in size, oval and slightly oblique.
Limbs: well perpendicular to the horizontal plane. Good diameter skeleton. Well proportioned feet. Musculature of the posterior very well developed.
Shoulder: well inclined.
Musculature: excellent development.
Tail: attached low. At rest it is hanging, with the lower third folded upwards. Hunting it rolls up on its back.
Skin: fairly well fitting to the body in all its parts.
Hair: in the smaller size variety: short, strong, straight, well fitting to the body for the smaller size hound.
In the larger variety: shiny, denser, thicker and coarser hair, with the presence of undercoat.
Allowed colors: the background color in the smaller variety is brown red, which gradually lightens on the belly and limbs. The forehead, chest, feet and the end of the tail can carry small white spots. The head is often black-smoke. The background color in the larger variety is black. It is possible to find a white spot on the bib, on the feet and at the end of the tail. Tan spots can be found.
Most common defects: colors not allowed by the standard, prognathism, enognatism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, non-standard sizes, ears badly worn, tail too short or badly worn, depigmented truffle, long hair, twisted limbs, left-handedness, vaccinism, light eye, narrow skull, too much rump elusive, lack of premolars, insufficient musculature, aggressive or overly shy character.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Erdélyi Kopó