Fruit trees: Carambola

Fruit trees: Carambola

Generality

LAverrhoa carambola, belonging to the Oxalidaceae family, is a tree native to Sri Lanka, India and the Moluccas; widespread throughout Southeast Asia, it is also grown in Brazil, Ghana, Guyana and in French Polynesia. The fruit (carambola) has a beautiful yellow-orange color, and is easily recognized by the five-pointed star section.

Carambola fruits - Averrhoa carambola L. (photo www.uninet.edu)

Carambola fruit - Averrhoa carambola L. (photo http://mgonline.com)

Cultivation technique

It is a very delicate plant, typical of tropical climates, but in Sicily it can also produce in the open field if sheltered well.

Productions

The fruit (Carambola or Star-fruit), at optimal ripeness, has a nice yellow-orange color. In the places of origin it is also eaten green, squeezed in dishes such as a lemon or sliced ​​in salads. The taste of carambola is a mixture of different fruits, such as lemon, pineapple, plum.
There are two varieties of carambola: sour and sweet fruit; the latter is exported to Italy, especially during the Christmas period. Thanks to its original shape, it is used as a garnish in confectionery and in the preparation of drinks with an exotic taste. The liqueurs that are distilled from carambola juice are delicious, while the pulp can also be transformed into candied fruit.
It contains phenols and flavonoids such as gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin and proanthocyanins and has found use in traditional medicine for the treatment of certain pathological states, such as headache, nausea, cough, insomnia, hypertension and diabetes.

Adversity


Video: The Star Fruit Tree - Carambola Tree