Type of protected area - Where it is located
Typology: State Biogenetic Nature Reserve; established with D.M.A.F. July 13, 1977.
The Pian degli Ontani State Biogenetic Nature Reserve was established in 1977 and extends for 500 hectares in the Municipality of Cutigliano (PT), on the orographic right of the Sestaione stream, between 1,100 and 1,800 meters above sea level.
Cutigliano (photo www.comune.cutigliano.pt.it)
The Reserve has a relatively modest inclination with more uneven areas, consisting of outcropping sandstone. The forest aboveground is characterized almost exclusively by beech trees, obtained from the conversion of coppice woods, which in the Grand-ducal era fed the foundries of Magona and Mammiano with charcoal.
The Pian degli Ontani Reserve aims to preserve a suitable beech habitat to maintain and improve its genetic peculiarities according to the production of selected seeds.
Flora and fauna
The beech forest is made up of natural, almost always pure, tall trees, which represent the final stage of coppices converted to a fustaia since the end of the 19th century or the beginning of the 20th century. As in all beech woods, other shrub and herbaceous species are in short supply.
The local fauna is represented by the fallow deer and the roe deer. Among the minor species of mammals, the fox, the skunk, the marten, the marten, the hare, the squirrel abound. Lavifauna consists of buzzard, woodpecker, jay, wood pigeon, woodcock.
Information for the visit
How to get there:
The reserve can be reached by taking the SS 42 Abetone-Brennero road.
State Forestry Corps
Via del Carmine, 8