It includes 24 municipalities distributed in the provinces of Latina and Rome. For the province of Latina the municipalities involved are: Sabaudia in part, Latina in part, Pontinia, Priverno, Sezze, Sermoneta, Cori, Cisterna di Latina, Aprilia. For the province of Rome, the municipalities concerned are: Ardea in part, Pomezia in part, Marino, Castel Gandolfo, Albano Laziale, Ariccia, Genzano di Roma, Lanuvio, Velletri, Lariano, Artena in part, Palestrina, Zagarolo, San Cesareo, Colonna .
The fruit is made up of large ovoid berries with a light brown skin with a thin but robust epidermis and a fine brown hair. The flesh is of an intense light emerald green color. The seeds, small and black, are arranged in a sunburst around the central fulcrum of the fruit.
Kiwi Latina IGP
Production specification - Kiwi Latina PGI
The KIWI LATINA Protected Geographical Indication is reserved exclusively for kiwis that meet the conditions and requirements set out in this production specification.
Fruits of the botanical species Actinidia deliciosa, Hayward cultivar, intended to be supplied fresh to the consumer.
The fruit has a cylindrical-ellipsoidal shape with a height greater than the diameter, a light brown skin with a light green background, soft tomentosity, a slightly sunken calyx; light emerald green pulp, whitish columella, soft, surrounded by a crown of small and numerous black seeds.
The fruits selected for marketing, taking into account the specific provisions envisaged for each category and the permitted tolerances, must be:
whole (but without stalk);
healthy, products affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make them unfit for consumption are in any case excluded;
clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter:
sufficiently firm, neither soft, nor withered, nor impregnated with water:
well formed; double or multiple fruits are excluded;
practically free of parasites;
practically free from damage caused by parasites;
free of abnormal external moisture:
free of foreign smell and / or taste.
The fruits must have a minimum degree of ripeness of 6.2 ° Brix at the time of harvest and are commercially classified into two categories.
- Extra category
weight: 90 g
The kiwis in this category must be well developed and present all the characteristics and coloring of the variety.
They must be free of defects, except for very slight surface alterations, which do not affect the quality and appearance of the product or its presentation in the packaging.
- Category I
weight: 80 g
Kiwis in this category must be of good quality.
The fruits must be firm and the pulp must not have defects.
They must have the typical characteristics of the variety. However, the following defects are allowed, provided they do not affect the external appearance of the fruit or its conservation:
- a slight defect in shape (excludes protuberances or malformations);
- a slight defect in coloring.
Within the limits of 10%, in number or weight, the weight of the fruits of the extra category can vary from 85 to 89 g .; the weight of category I fruit can vary from 77 to 79 g.
The production area includes 24 municipalities in two provinces (Latina and Rome).
For the Province of Latina n. 9 municipalities of which 7 for the whole territory and 2 in part; for the province of Rome n. 15 Municipalities of which 3 in part and 12 for the whole territory. In the CTR 1: 100.000 cartography, the perimeter of the entire area is marked in bold black, while the municipal administrative boundaries are delimited.
For the municipalities partially included, the part delimiting the area is reported in detail on an IGM 1: 25,000 basis, so as to highlight the points of the limit, which is normally represented by an easily identifiable element such as roads, ditches etc.
Table no. 5 shows the details of the municipalities of Sabaudia, Latina and Aprilia; table no. 6 the details of Ardea and Pomezia, table no. 7 the detail of the Municipality of Artena.
PROVINCE OF LATINA
1) SABAUDIA (part)
2) LATINA (part)
8) LATIN TANK
PROVINCE OF ROME
1) ARDEA (part)
2) POMEZIA (part)
4) CASTEL GANDOLFO
5) LATIUM ALBANO
7) GENZANO DI ROMA
11) ARTENA (part)
14) SAN CESAREO
It starts from the south-west summit and continuing in a clockwise direction you have: intersection of the SS 148 (formerly the Mediana road) with the Migliara 53 near Borgo Vodice; from here continue north-west along the SS 148 until you cross the Migliara 49; from the crossroads continue south-west until you meet the Litoranea road, then continue on this north-west along the Litoranea; cross Borgo Sabotino and continue along the Strada Alta until you reach the Astura ditch; go up along the Astura for about 400 meters; it cuts across Valle DOro in an imaginary straight line with a westward direction to the provincial border Latina-Rome; continue towards N-O following the provincial border that first delimits the Municipality of Latina, then that of Aprilia from that of Nettuno. Continue along the Rome-Latina provincial border until you meet the Ardeatina road; on this with a north-north-west course, you cross Torre della Moletta, C.le la Fossa, the Ardea-Pomezia border, you reach Borgo Santa Rita from where you head north to the junction for Pratica di Mare; that you cross and continue to the municipal border of Pomezia with Rome; from here, following the municipal border towards the north-east, we meet the border with Ardea again. Follow this border to the north edge and connect with the Southwest border of Albano; meets and follows the boundary of Castel Gandolfo with a zeta trend and connects with the sinuous border of Marino in the direction first north then east and then south where it reaches Castel Gandolfo; continues on the latter in a south-eastern direction until meeting Albano Laziale; it follows this in a South-East direction up to Ariccia, then in an East direction, it reaches the border of Genzano di Roma which it follows in a south-southeast direction, until it meets the territorial border of Velletri. From here it heads north to where it meets the border of the municipality of Lariano; it continues along this border up to that of Artena on which, in a northerly direction, one reaches the border of Lariano and proceeds on this until it enters the border of Palestrina. When the San Cesareo border is encountered, it follows a sinuous land towards the west; you reach the border of Colonna and continuing north-west you re-enter the northern border of San Cesareo, until you meet the border of Zagarolo. It follows the perimeter of this to the north and goes to meet the border of the Municipality of Palestrina, which follows first to the north and continues until it crosses the border of Artena, crosses it and, following the country road, first south and then south -West reaches the border of Artena with Lariano. It continues south on the same until it meets the provincial limit Rome-Latina with the top of the Municipalities Lariano, Cori and Artena; continues along the provincial border in a south-eastern direction up to the municipal border between Norma and Cori, which continues southwards until it meets the border of Cisterna di Latina, which follows in a south-eastern direction up to the western border of the Municipality of Sermoneta which it runs through south-east. It takes the border towards the south-east and along the entire northern half-perimeter of the Municipality of Sezze it reaches the Municipality of Priverno which, with a course first towards the east then towards the south and south-west, meets the Municipality of Pontinia. It runs along the east side, crosses the SS 7 Appia and reaches the border of Sabaudia on the Sisto River; from here it heads north to mile 53 which, traveled south-west, reaches the roundabout on the SS 148 at the height of Borgo Vodice from which you started.
Proof of origin
The province of Latina was among the first to host specialized plants for the cultivation of actinidia, starting in the early 70s.
The particularly favorable climatic conditions for the species have allowed a rapid development of the crop which already at the end of the 70s had become a national reference point for fruit growers, traders and scholars.
In 1978, the first conference on actinidia was organized in Turin, during which the Agro Pontino area was mentioned as an Italian area particularly suited for the production of kiwi, a true fruit symbol of Pontine agriculture.
In 1981, after three years, a second national conference was organized by the Chamber of Commerce I.A.A. of Latina. This was followed, at regular intervals, by other conferences, seminars and market-exhibitions, not only in the Pontine capital but also in Cisterna di Latina and Aprilia; these meetings consecrated the city of Latina and the entire surrounding territory, including the southern part of the province of Rome, as a relevant kiwi production center in Italy, for good quality and size.
The importance of Lazio's actinidia (and, therefore, Pontine) in the Italian fruit-growing area was also demonstrated outside national borders during a seminar held in Santiago de Chile on 25 and 26 October 1988: a fact, this , already result in the fact-finding study on actinidia in Italy, dated 1986 and edited by the then Ministry of Agriculture and Forests which was also followed by a round table organized by ERSAL (Regional Agency for Agricultural Development in Lazio) on June 22 1988, in Rome.
Furthermore, a study conducted in 1990 by the Experimental Institute for the Technological Enhancement of Agricultural Products in Milan (Gorini et al., 1987), experimentally documented the undeniable characteristics of the Kiwi from Latina.
During these 30 years, both the daily press and the specialized magazines of the sector with national and international circulation (Il Messaggero, Latina Oggi, Economia Pontina, L'Informatore Agrario, Terra e Vita, Italia Agricola, Lazio Agricolo, Rivista di Frutticoltura , Asiafruit Magazine, just to name a few) have followed and dedicated extensive articles to the progressive development of actinidia in the province of Latina, which offers an optimal soil and climate habitat and highly competitive quanti-qualitative productions. Over time, moreover, there has been an increase in the structures of cold storage and fruit processing as well as an innovative cultivation method that has as a consequence frequent visits to Latina by fruit growers from all over Italy and the world (Korea of South, New Zealand and Japan).
In the sensorial evaluation test conducted with the help of a panel taste, after 3 months of cold storage, the ripe fruits were assessed for the degree of acceptability that took into account the appearance of the pulp, the flavor and the sensation of pleasantness. The fruits of Latina have registered a very high degree of acceptability (Gorini et al., 1987).
This greater pleasantness and flavor typical of sweet-acidulous pleasant when fully ripe derives from the combination of several factors favorable to cultivation such as climate and soils very similar to those of the area of origin. It is known and ascertained that in some areas of Latina Borgo Flora, Borgo Grappa, the goodness of the fruits and the vegetative state of the plants exceed those of origin.
The greater global radiation and the lack or almost of early frosts gives the possibility to postpone the harvest until the second decade of November and beyond, allowing the achievement of a sugar content of 6.5-7 degrees Brix in the fruit.
The higher sugar content, by allowing the storage temperature to drop by a few tenths of degrees centigrade, ensures a conservation, even in a normal atmosphere, of at least two or three months more than the average.
The link with the environment is proven by the following requirements to which producers and / or packagers undergo:
registration in a special list of Latina Kiwi producers;
land registry of all the lands subjected to the cultivation of Kiwi Latina;
keeping of specific production and conditioning records.
The plants are made with plants grafted on Franco, of 1 year of grafting, or with self-rooted plants always of one year of multiplication.
The training methods adopted are:
- the tent: planting distance 4-5 m x 4-5 m
- pergola: planting distance 5 m x 3-5 m
The soil, depending on the physical nature, is cultivated in the inter-row and weeded along the row, or grassed with periodic cutting of the herbaceous vegetation.
The natural supply of water is complemented by irrigation practiced through the technique of sprinkling or under-mist spraying. Irrigation volumes vary from 6000 to 8000 m3 / ha / year.
The harvest of the fruit, without the peduncle, takes place between the end of October and the beginning of November. This coincides with a Brix degree higher than the value of 6.2 ° and the hardness at the penetrometer (with a tip of 8 mm) not less than 6 kg.
- Winter pruning is done so as to leave 100-120,000 buds per hectare.
- Thinning is carried out between the end of June and the beginning of July, which eliminates both the multiple fruits and those deformed and with skin defects so as to leave a total of 800-1000 fruits per plant.
The maximum production limit per hectare must not exceed 330 quintals.
Relationship with the area
The climate is temperate-humid, similar to that of the area of origin of the species (Yang Tzechiang area of China) characterized by an average temperature of 13-15 ° C, a minimum-average of 8-10 ° C, a average maximum of 28-30 ° C and an average relative humidity, in the summer months, of 75-80%, absence of early frosts which allows the fruit to be harvested at the right level of ripeness (on average 6.5 ° Brix, and, in in any case, never less than 6.2 ° Brix) both for the achievement of the best quality characteristics and for the optimal cold storage until the months of May / June and the achievement of a sugar level of consumption of not less than 12 ° Brix, with hardness not exceeding 3 kg measured with 8 mm tip.
- Very low incidence of damage from winter and spring frosts which, in other areas of the country, cause significant reductions in production in the following seasons, not allowing continuity of supply over time.
- High global light radiation that characterizes the Pontine area and allows reaching the optimal degree of ripeness for sale earlier.
The soils of the cultivation area are of alluvial, volcanic-remodeled origin, resting on pozzolanic and tuffaceous subsoils characterized by high fertility and immediately proved to be particularly suitable for the cultivation of actinidia.
The area where Actinidia settled had a long tradition of growing table grapes, species that, like Actinidia, has a sarmentose bearing that requires a very similar support structure and cultivation technique. This allowed an easy adaptation to the most suitable techniques for the new crop and the obtaining of a typical product of high quality.
The product will be subject to the control of a structure compliant with Article 10 of the EEC Reg. 2081/92 and subsequent additions and modifications.
Denomination Latina Kiwi.
The brand has the shape of a circle with the graphic representation of the Colosseum in the center, inside which there is the cross section of the typical emerald green kiwi fruit with seeds and columella. In the circular crown between the figure of the Colosseum and the outer circle, the denomination KIWI LATINA is shown in green and Roman in circular composition divided into two parts, KIWI at the top and LATINA in the lower part of the figure. To the right of the word kiwi is represented a red ladybird pointed with black. The colors are claimed as follows: pantone red, pantone green, brown and black.
Packaging: they are the same used for national and international trade.
The mark must be affixed to the packaging and can also be affixed to the individual fruits. The trademark can only be used by companies that pack in the Latina Kiwi production area in order to guarantee traceability and ensure controls.
Marketing of processed products
The products for the preparation of which the IGP KIWI LATINA is used, also following processing and transformation processes, can be released for consumption in packs bearing the reference to said denomination without the affixing of the community logo on condition that:
The protected designation product, certified as such, constitutes the exclusive component of the product category;
Users of the protected designation product are authorized by the owners of the intellectual property right conferred by the registration of the PGI gathered in a consortium in charge of protection by the Ministry of Agriculture. The same consortium in charge will also register them in special registers and supervise the correct use of the protected name. In the absence of a designated consortium for protection, the aforementioned functions will be carried out by MIPAF as the national authority responsible for implementing the Reg. (EEC) 2081/92.
The non-exclusive use of the protected name only allows its reference, according to current legislation, among the ingredients of the product that contains it or in which it is transformed or processed.