In this section we talk about shrubs.
A collection of detailed sheets on the different species grown in our gardens.
Tips for the right choice based on the needs of your flower bed.
Each sheet contains detailed technical information on soil preparation, climatic zones of origin, posture and growth, the right fertilizations and pruning techniques.
Particular varieties and cultivars are also described; suggestions for the creation of flower beds with the association of species that have complementary aesthetic and agronomic characteristics.
Gardening.it provides a complete guide for those who want to learn about shrubs and their uses in garden design
Among the most sought after plants in this section we can point out:
Ibiscus (most used common name)
With the term shrubs, ... continue
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AzaleaAzalea is one of the most popular acidophilic plants for decorating flower beds, vases and planters and in this in-depth study you can discover all the secrets for their correct cultivation
PrivetThe privet is a plant widely used in ornamental greenery for its posture and its green color, ideal for the construction of hedges and rows
BuddleiaTo the genus buddleja belong many plants united by the fact that they produce beautiful spike flowers with very different colors and sometimes even very intense perfume
Viburnum - Viburnum
Hibiscus cultivation - HibiscusRead our in-depth study on hibiscus cultivation and discover many curiosities about this plant and how to always guarantee it the best care
Sensitive - Mimosa pudicaThe mimosa pudica is a very particular plant that is appreciated especially for the characteristic that its leaves have to retract when touched .. let's discover together the characteristics
Fuchsia - FuchsiaFuchsia is a garden plant that can offer splendid blooms and that can be grown without particular problems if you know its characteristics
LavenderLavender is a perennial herb that can be classified as both a garden plant and an aromatic plant. In addition to the incredible beauty of its flowers, lavender has n
Lentisk - Pistacia lentiscusFind out all about the cultivation of mastic and have fun with us to know the characteristics of this typical Mediterranean plant
Photinia x fraseriPhotinia or fotinia is one of the most resistant and most valid hedge plants also from an ornamental point of view thanks to the beautiful leaves that change color several times throughout the year
Cultivate Holly - Ilex aquifoliumFind out how to grow holly in this interesting study that will explain you step by step all the secrets for a correct cultivation of this plant
Oleander - Nerium oleanderThe oleander is a rustic plant able to produce beautiful flowers and to resist even in places that are not exactly idyllic for the growth of a plant
Calicanthus - Chimonanthus praecoxCalicanthus is known and appreciated mainly for its winter flowering, very beautiful and original in a period in which the colors are not exactly the most evident characteristic.
Mimosa - Acacia dealbataMimosa is a plant known to all because it is used as a symbol of women's day but this is certainly not the only merit of mimosa. In fact, mimosa is excellent
Camelia - Camellia japonica
Strawberry Tree - ArbutusDiscover the strawberry tree and all its main characteristics to cultivate it flawlessly and never miss anything
Citrus fruitsFruit shrubs of Asian origin, widespread in cultivation also in Italy, very fragrant flowers, they are quite afraid of frost
HawthornHawthorn has important properties: it has a strong antioxidant, cardioprotective and sedative action. Enter the page and find out how to grow it and use it to the fullest!
Garden plants with flowersIn spring, people who love gardening are always looking for garden plants with flowers. Actually buying plants that have already bloomed, even if it requires a higher cost
PitosphorusFind out how to cultivate the pittosporum plant in our in-depth study full of important details and all the information necessary to cultivate this species
Rhododendron - RhododendronParticular plant, very resistant and with a sure aesthetic effect thanks also to its intense and lively colors
Viburnum tinusTo get to know the cultivation of viburnum tinus in depth, read this in-depth analysis and discover all the essential information for a correct cultivation of this plant
Firestorm - PyracanthaThe boy is an evergreen shrub that is often used for the construction of thorny and ornamental hedges, thanks to its production of flowers and berries.
HebeFind out all about the cultivation of Hebe, a plant also known as Veronica, and learn all the secrets to always cultivate it in the best way
Cotonastro - CotoneasterDo you know the cotonaster? It is one of the most appreciated and used plants in ornamental greenery and the reasons are many ... find out all about the cotonaster in this in-depth sheet
Juniper - Juniperus communisJuniper is a small, shrubby, evergreen tree with aromatic berries and foliage.
Pieris japonicaPieris (once grouped in the genus Andromeda) are evergreen shrubs, of medium or small gr
False pepper - Skimmia japonicaFalse pepper is a shrubby variety that produces white flowers followed by red berries, used for ornamental purposes.
Leptospermum scopariumLeptospermum scoparium is a shrub from Australia that produces small star-shaped flowers during the spring.
Callistemonl Callistemon is a plant with particular summer flowers, shrubby and evergreen; withstands the winter cold well.
Loropetalum chinenseLoropetalum and all the information necessary to cultivate it correctly in this in-depth sheet
Dwarf palm - Cycas revolutaDiscover all the features and secrets to correctly cultivate the cycas revoluta, an exotic plant also ideal for growing in the garden, taking some precautions
Evonimo - Euonymus alatusDiscover with us the main features and the best techniques for the cultivation of the euonymus
Witch hazel - HamamelisWitch hazel is a deciduous garden shrub, with a particular flowering at the end of winter.
Clerodendro - Clerodendrum trichotomumThis type of shrub is used for ornamental and decorative purposes thanks to its flowering of white flowers during the spring period.
Plum of Natal - Carissa macrocarpaThe Natal plum is a shrubby, evergreen plant with characteristic star-shaped flowers during the summer season.
Erythrina - Erythrina crista galliErythrin is grown mainly for the particular flowering it presents when the plant is still without leaves.
continue ... , it is usual to indicate an outdoor plant in which there is a woody trunk from which, near the ground, the branches start or in which the trunk is not present at all. The height of these plants does not exceed 5 meters.All perennial species belong to the category of shrubs, with a height not exceeding 5 meters:
Medium height shrubs : commonly called "bush", are those shrubby plants that exceed one meter in height, may have a shrub bearing but sometimes also tolerate a sapling breeding: for example the broom (Spartium junceum) lends itself well to being used in a bush shrubs located close to a shore, or to form a small tree with a central stem that bears a yellow flowering crown in April.
They multiply mainly by woody and semi-woody cuttings.
To this category belong many species of the genus Spirea, Viburnum, Weigelia, Cornus, Evonimus and many others.
Ground cover shrubs : they are species with a prostrate or creeping posture, suitable for covering portions of land, or to be used as borders. They usually do not exceed 50 cm in height, they can be evergreen or deciduous. They are usually used with a high planting density to create a sort of vegetal carpet. Ideal for greening areas of the garden where the lawn has difficulty taking root.
They multiply mainly by woody and semi-woody cuttings, very often they produce adventitious roots and can reproduce by offshoots
To this category belong some Lonicera and Cotonaster, the Rosmarinus o. prostratus, Vinca minor and some rock garden species such as Plhox.
Shrubs with herbaceous stems : all those plants that do not have a woody stem, but are made up exclusively of green parts. The effect created by combinations of different herbaceous plants is very suggestive and usually the blooms are splendid as in the case of Hemerocallis.
Using these plants correctly inside a flower bed enriches the geometries and colors; only drawback: in winter the epigeal part disappears completely, leaving a "hole" in your flower beds.
The particular conformation of the roots almost always allows the multiplication by division of the rhizomes or cutting of the tufts. Among the best known herbaceous plants are the Hemerocallis, the Liriopi, the Agapanto, the Tubalucce and all the plants known by the name of grasses such as Carex and Mischantus.
Acidophilic shrubs: due to the particular agronomic needs they require, they deserve a separate category. Acidophilic shrubs need an acidic or sub-acid pH to thrive. For this reason, a flowerbed that will host these species must be prepared with particular care: the addition of organic amendments such as acid peat and leonardite and acid reaction fertilizers such as potassium sulphate.
They multiply mainly by woody and semi-woody cuttings.
To this special category belong the Azaleas, Rhododendrons, Heather and Hydrangeas.
The art of the gardener consists in selecting the right plants from each of these categories and planting them side by side to form splendid harmonies and colors.
To do this, you need a thorough knowledge of each species you want to use.
First of all the needs in terms of soil, not only pH but also soil texture: the broom tolerates clayey and calcareous soils well, while an azalea wants a well-drained and acidic soil.
It is good practice to combine plants with similar agronomic characteristics.
It is also necessary to know the growth and development and to know how to imagine how the plants will look after a few years; tall plants will never be placed in front of low ones and plants that do not tolerate full sun positions should be combined with plants that will produce large bushes in order to provide them with the right shade.
The knowledge of the time of flowering and color allow instead the right choice from an aesthetic point of view (testing the artistic skills of aspiring gardeners)
It is possible to design flower beds with gradual flowering and obtain a flowery effect for the whole season or to combine shades of the same shade of pink and purple to obtain particular chromatic effects. Sometimes the right choice is made of single-variety flower beds that create real spots dominated by a single color, exploiting the effect of quantity to amaze and strike; other times combinations of 3 or 4 colors generate an unexpected effect even by the designer himself.
Finally, also analyze the relationship between plants and the animal kingdom.
Wisteria and lavender will attract many hymenoptera including the dangerous Vespa Crabro, while Nandine and hawthorn will provide food for the birds.
Browse the guides of Our site and learn about the characteristics of each plant, compare them, group them and have fun designing your favorite flowerbed. To become good gardeners you need passion, sensitivity for life in all its forms and a lot of study.
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