Welcome to the section of our site dedicated to the vegetable garden. Inside you will find numerous articles on garden cultivation and garden plants with many tips on irrigation, multiplication etc.
If you want to get in touch with other friends of our site who like you have a passion for garden cultivation, we recommend that you visit the specific section of our forum on vegetable plants.
If you want to see our videos on vegetable plants and their cultivation, visit the video channel on the vegetable garden.
Some of the articles most read by users in this section are:
Protect vegetables from the cold
This section is a compendium that contains all the information, news and secrets to become expert gardeners.
The history of the garden is almost as old as that of man, ... continues
Potato - Solanum tuberosumThe potato, Solanum tuberosum, is one of the vegetables that are most used in cooking. Growing potatoes is simple and this vegetable is also well suited to rather harsh climates such as for example
CarrotCarrot is a vegetable that can be grown from early spring to autumn ... discover all the secrets of cultivation of this quality plant
BasilIn this sheet, find out how to grow basil and learn more about all the cultural care that this beautiful aromatic plant requires, easy to grow and usable in many different ways.
CultivateCultivating, when not a profession, is a hobby that allows us to relax in the garden in the open air, clearing the mind of bad thoughts and anxieties. Obviously if it's a hob
Tomato - Lycopersicon esculentumTomato, one of the most cultivated vegetables in the garden and on the terrace, discover with us how to grow it flawlessly
BeanThe bean is a cultivation that everyone can do, even at home, find out all the details to properly cultivate this plant
Chicory - Cichorium intybusChicory can be grown in many of its varieties ... discover with us which are the most cultivated and how they are grown
CucumberMany practical tips for the correct cultivation of cucumber, Cucumis sativus, in this sheet full of images and insights.
Artichoke - Cynara scolymusThe artichoke, or Cynara scolymus, is a very popular vegetable for the preparation of tasty dishes. Let's see all its features.
Melon cultivationAll about the cultivation of melon, Cucumis melo, in this in-depth study full of ideas and insights for the cultivation of this plant
AubergineThe aubergine is a fruit widely used in the kitchen that with some precautions and the right temperatures can be grown easily even in the garden or on the terrace ... find out how in this article
Broccoli - Brassica oleraceaGrowing Brassica oleracea, the common broccoli, is simple if you know the needs of this plant ... discover with us all the details to grow them correctly
Onion cultivation - Allium cepaAllium cepa, the famous onion, is a very common vegetable on everyone's table. Here are some useful tips for growing it at its best.
Leek - Allium porrumLeek, whose scientific name is Allium porrum, is one of the vegetables that can be grown in the winter season, being resistant to low temperatures.
PeaThe pea is an easy vegetable to grow for which it is enough to keep some simple precautions; here in this article all the characteristics of cultivation of this species
continue ... , a source of livelihood for the poorest families but also desired and loved by the richest who appreciate the unique quality of the freshly picked product.
Vegetable garden and garden have similar stories and are constantly intertwined, there is no border that separates them clearly.
After all, the vegetable garden is nothing more than a garden in which annual plants with edible fruits are grown.
A recent survey shows that one of the most popular dreams of the average Italian is not having a nice sports car, but having a small vegetable garden.
Perhaps in the garden modern man hopes to find that simple and genuine contact with the earth, in a search for a serenity away from smog and frenetic rhythms: to be able to spend carefree hours in the midst of nature and finally have delicious, genuine fruits as a reward. , free from pesticides, hormones and dyes.
To create a good vegetable garden, it is necessary to know the species to be cultivated and the ability to carry out a rough project at the beginning of the season.
Designing the garden simply means making a small sketch of the area used for cultivation and then dividing it into flower beds.
Considering the exposure and the intercropping, or the arrangement in neighboring areas of species that do not compete and that even mutually benefit from each other, choose where to transplant and sow each variety.
It is important to know the species, their growth characteristics, the time of sowing and harvesting, the parasites that can attack them and the nutrition they need.
Plants that produce a lot of fruit, such as tomatoes or peppers, need nutrient-rich soil to produce the starches necessary for fruit ripening.
Fertilizers do not work miracles, exceeding the doses can cause damage to plant health.
Fertilization is just a mechanism that is part of a very complex process that regulates the life cycle; it must be in synergy with irrigation and cultivation techniques.
Among the best fertilizers for gardens, organic pellets can be used, a fertilizer that can be considered the equivalent of manure, in a modern and certainly less smelly version. Organic fertilizers have a slow release of nutrients and improve the texture of the soil, furthermore the risks of creating salinity imbalances are practically nil.
Homemade compost with the addition of slow release ternary mineral fertilizers is also an excellent alternative.
Why consider the vegetable garden and the garden as two distinctly separate areas?
In both cases it is a question of cultivating plants and many of the garden species have very ornamental flowers and fruits. The most experienced gardeners design real vegetable gardens in which the pepper beds are surrounded by a rocket lawn and the pumpkins climb over the branches of a peach tree and hang from its branches in autumn. In this special garden, the flower beds of annual species are surrounded by paths made of gravel, stone or turf. There are gardens with circular geometries, some made in a labyrinth or spiral, others that exploit terraces or wooden constructions and some grown entirely in pots and large tanks.
The vegetable garden can become an integral part of the garden and in some places the difference between the two will be so subtle that it is impossible to identify where one ends and where the other begins.
In a real garden biodiversity reigns. The coexistence in a limited space of different species of the animal and plant kingdom creates equilibrium relationships as in a real ecosystem.
An ecosystem is able to regulate these relationships even between parasites and plants. Pathologies attack weakened plants, the good gardener takes care of his plants and makes them grow strong and healthy. During the season it can happen to discover phytopathogens and phytoparasites among the rows of the garden: to choose the right strategy of struggle it is necessary to recognize very well the type of parasite, the damage it causes and evaluate whether it is right to intervene with a product or if not is necessary. Never use products lightly, always opt for an alternative choice when you can. Growing a vegetable garden also means growing food for you and your children.
In addition to taste, authenticity is also sought, a good gardener should avoid the use of chemical preparations and in any case opt for those allowed in organic farming.
Anyone can cultivate their own garden; abandon the concept of a classic vegetable garden and take it to new spaces. Even a small terrace can become a wonderful vegetable garden. Use pots and boxes (you can line them internally with a mulch cloth)
and plant cherry tomatoes, aubergines, salads, radishes, in compositions that respect their growing spaces. It is also possible to exploit the vertical spaces, with special wall structures, equipped with pockets that contain soil: in the lower ones you can transplant strawberries and salads, while in the upper ones peppers or aubergines. Always plan with the growth of the different species in mind: a sea squash from Chioggia in a 2sqm balcony is not the best choice you can make: it will soon take over all the space and leave no room for anything else, not even you.
In gardens and nurseries there are more and more vegetable plants to be transplanted; transplanting plants that have well developed stems and roots is an advantage especially if combined with the use of mulching sheets.
It is possible to grow all fruit vegetables and also many types of salads in this way.
You can prepare a seedbed yourself and create your own seedlings yourself.
In the last 30 years, horticultural techniques have made great strides. New materials, new varieties and new knowledge.
The main innovations:
- Mulching sheets: synthetic or biodegradable, they cover the soil around the plants and prevent weeds from growing, they also keep moisture and heat in the soil.
- Non-woven fabric: a useful material to protect young plants and to increase the temperature of the soil.
- Small greenhouses: light and economical frames combined with plastic covers make their use quick and easy. They anticipate spring harvests and protect winter vegetables from frost.
- Dripline irrigation system: drip irrigation in the garden is a technology that gives incredible results. In addition to a conspicuous saving of water, the plants are irrigated evenly, without causing temperature changes and water stagnation in the soil.
This also limits attacks by fungi and bacteria.
To make the most of this irrigation system, use it in combination with mulch.
Making a vegetable garden is useful and fun, but what are the essential garden equipment to work the land and grow the seedlings? Let's see them together one by one. First of all, one of the garden tools that can never be missing is the spade. The spade should have a not too long handle and broad shoulders on the metal part to be able to dig more easily. The spade is different from the shovel because it has a straight metal part and is used to dig into the ground, so both pointed and square spades are optimal. Another essential tool is the shovel, a spade with a 45 ° bent tip that is used to move the earth and clean the holes. Use both the shovel and the spade being careful to help you in the operations with the legs and not to overload your back excessively.
Another very useful tool for gardening is the rake, suitable for moving the earth, leveling it and removing stones on the surface. The hoe is useful for creating small holes especially where the earth is particularly hard.
These are the basic hand tools for the vegetable garden, to which the more specialized machines and tools must then be added for horticulturists who want to be more professional.