Active principles

Active principles

Knowing the active ingredient is certainly the most important thing for those who want to heal themselves with the help of plants. In fact, it represents the active part of the preparation. The active ingredients are never present in the same quantities and almost always vary according to the climatic factors that interact with the plant. The different species produce the active principle for their different needs, among which the most evident are: the defense against parasites, the accumulation of reserve substances, the need to prepare for cold periods. There are many types, below we will talk about the most used ones.As you can already see from the name, this active ingredient develops in plants that have an alkaline reaction. Alkaloids have exciting and depressing effects and can have very strong and dangerous effects, acting mainly on the nervous system. They are therefore to be used very carefully. To this group belong the efredina, ... continue


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continue ... , morphine, strychnine, scopolamine etc. substances which take their name from their bitter taste. They are used to increase the release of gastric juices and thus aid digestion. They are mainly prepared with an alcoholic base. Industries use these extracts to flavor drinks.

They come from the transformation of sugar and there are many types. They are mainly used as a support to the active ingredients, given their high degree of digestibility. In view of their great digestibility they are frequently used as a basis for dietetic products.

Glucosides

They derive from the fusion of a carbohydrate part with molecules of various chemical compositions with an alcoholic function. Equipped with great potential on the human body, they should be used with extreme caution. Many types are poisonous. Indicated for cardiorespiratory diseases.

Essential oils

They derive from the pressing of fruits, leaves, and bark or from the distillation of the same. Substances that are not emulsifiable with water but are miscible with alcoholic bases or organic solvents. They are used by plants as antiseptics or to avoid being eaten by herbivorous animals, which do not like oily substances. The properties of these substances are manifold. Frequent applications for the treatment of the cardiovascular, nervous and digestive systems. Due to their characteristics they are also used in aesthetic pharmacies.

Tannins

Extracts from roots, fruits, leaves and seeds have a great astringent capacity and are therefore used to heal wounds and increase the healing power of the skin. Thanks to their astringent power, tannic substances are also used for the treatment of swelling, inflammation, hemorrhoids, as well as for internal use against diarrhea and enteritis. Due to their chemical composition they are very difficult to digest and derive from the fusion of a carbohydrate part with molecules of various chemical compositions with an alcoholic function. Due to their chemical composition they are very difficult to digest, deriving from the pressing of fruits, leaves and bark or from the distillation of the same. Due to their characteristics they are also used in aesthetic pharmacies.

Extracts from roots, fruits, leaves and seeds have a great astringent capacity and are therefore used to heal wounds and increase the healing power of the skin. Due to their chemical composition they are very difficult to digest.


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